The Red Fox
Fox: arguably Britain's most enigmatic and recognisable wild animal. We see them trot across roads in our car headlights. We hear them barking at night. But do we really know the fox in our midst?
This book explores how the astonishing senses, intelligence and behaviour that helped foxes thrive in the ancient wildwood now support them in south-east England. Richly illustrated with examples from the many foxes that the author has rescued, photographed and studied over the last 25 years and thoroughly researched from scientific literature, the fox comes to life: communicating, socialising, feeding - and interacting with its human neighbours.
Adele Brand MSc, BSc (Hons) is a freelance ecologist who has studied mammals in five countries. She lives in the North Downs, UK.
"In this engaging introduction to the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), J. David Henry recounts his years of field research on this flame-colored predator.
With its catlike whiskers, teeth, and paws, as well as vertical-slit pupils, the North American red fox not only resembles but often behaves like a feline, especially when hunting.
Probing the reasons for these similarities, Henry reveals the behavior and ecology of a species that thrives from the edge of suburbia to the cold northern tundra".
"Mike Unwin explores how the Red Fox s versatility has allowed it to thrive across the northern hemisphere, from desert and mountain to farmland and urban jungle. This informative book covers all aspects of the Red Fox biology and lifestyle, including hunting and caching food, defending a territory, raising a litter and communication strategies.
Finally, it examines the complex, often troubled relationship that the Fox has enjoyed and both endured with humankind, and suggests what the future might hold. The Spotlight series introduces readers to the lives and behaviours of our favourite animals with eye-catching, colour photography and informative expert text".
"The Red Paper: Canids Up-dated 2011 edition includes section on sarcoptic mange in foxes and treatment plus a list of wildlife sanctuaries and rescue centres in the UK.
By the 1700s the British fox was on the verge of extinction and about to follow the bear and wolf having been hunted for sport for centuries. The answer was to import thousands of foxes per year for sport. But foxes kept dying out so jackals were tried. Some were caught, some escaped. Even wolves and coyote were released for hunting. The summation of over 30 years research reveals the damnable lie of "pest control" hunting but also reveals the cruelty the animals were subject to and how private menageries as well as travelling shows helped provide the British and Irish countryside with some incredible events"
"With the benefit of illustrations, the book reveals the foxy meaning behind what you observe. Why do cubs nose the corners of the adults' mouths? What does it mean when the ears are out like wingnuts at the side of the head? Why are the foxes clicking at each other?
For this new edition the author has updated his information on how to find, attract and watch foxes, as well as how to photograph them and how, using wildlife cameras, you can gain an insight into what is happening with the foxes when you are not able to observe them. The author also explains how to analyse droppings in order to record the annual diet of your foxes, how to age a fox casualty and how to make casts of their footprints".
"Louise Wren was closing her bedroom curtains one night when she spotted a fox cub sitting alone and forlorn on her lawn. Realising it had been orphaned, she began to feed it, soon recruiting her grandchildren to help. So began an extraordinary relationship which changed Louise’s perception of foxes forever.
Foxyloxy, as she named ‘her’ fox, became a part of Louise’s family. And when her new protégée grew up and had a family of her own, Louise was able to follow every stage of the process and make friends of the cubs too; they even became TV stars. When Foxyloxy finally and inexplicably vanished from Louise’s garden and from her life, her attention turned to other foxes, and she became involved in the conservation and protection of the animals she had come to love".
"Our knowledge of the behavior and evolution of wolves, foxes, coyotes, and Canis familiaris the domestic dog was extremely limited until the publication of The Wild Canids in 1975. Edited by Dr. Michael W. Fox, one of the premier researchers in the field, the 30 scholarly studies presented in this acclaimed volume represented a major step forward in understanding these fascinating animals.
It also laid out a number of areas of inquiry that stimulated further study. In the nearly 35 years since its publication, The Wild Canids has been a valuable resource for conservationists in protecting and re-introducing canids into the wild and in familiarizing dog trainers and behaviorists with the science of canine behavior. Today s readers now have the opportunity to delve into the original research by such pioneers in the field as Bekoff, Belyaev, Zimen and many more"
The Silver Fox
"Tucked away in Siberia, there are furry, four-legged creatures with wagging tails... that are as docile and friendly as any lapdog. But, despite appearances, these are not dogs they are foxes. They are the result of the most astonishing experiment in breeding ever undertaken imagine speeding up thousands of years of evolution into a few decades. In 1959, biologists Dmitri Belyaev and Lyudmila Trut set out to do just that, by starting with a few dozen silver foxes from fox farms in the USSR and attempting to recreate the evolution of wolves into dogs in real time in order to witness the process of domestication. This is the extraordinary, untold story of this remarkable undertaking... How to Tame a Fox offers an incredible tale of scientists at work, while also celebrating the deep attachments that have brought humans and animals together throughout time"
"If you work for a growing animal facility which wishes to start a display of red foxes, this is the reference for you. Drawing from Wolf Park’s nearly four decades of experience working with socialized canids of many species, this book covers the basics of working with the fascinating, social and intelligent red fox in captivity. Many of its suggestions can be applied to the husbandry of other animals as well...
The book is designed for the animal professional as well as for those who simply love foxes, or would like to get a glimpse into what it is like to run an animal facility".
"Dr. J. E. Oldfield, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon: "This is a very comprehensive book on fur animal nutrition and one which I am sure will become a 'Bible' for the industry . . . a landmark publication on the area of fur animal nutrition".
"Pet foxes are becoming increasingly popular pets these days. However, the challenge of owning a Red-type or Arctic fox is very real. This book is intended to serve as a primer for those who are considering a Red Fox or Arctic Fox as a pet, or for those who have just brought home their kit and are wondering what they have gotten themselves into.
From the legalities of owning a fox in your state, to the basics of care and feeding, this book takes you on an easy-to-follow journey from breeder to your home. All your basic questions will be answered and you will be able to determine if owning one of these beautiful, intelligent and often mischievous animals is right for you!"
"K. L. Waggoner has been raising, training, and breeding pet foxes for more than twenty years. This Fox of Mine: An Entertaining Look into Life at Fox Hollow tells her remarkable true story.
The book begins with her most ornery fox, Rascal, and describes his pranks and the things she learned while trying to outfox her fox.
She got her first pet fox in 1992, and had to learn everything about raising and training it. The book continues through the lives of ten foxes she has had as pets and each one’s personality".
Written in the 1930's at the peak of the "Silver Rush" at a time when farming foxes for fur was considered a triumph of of human achievement.
This historical guide is an interesting little read that gives an insight into the life of silver foxes bred in captivity in the early 1900's.
Animal Behaviour & Welfare
"Humans have a natural interest in animals; through a long history of domestication, they have become tools, a food source and even friends. Behaviour is a significant indicator of animal health and well-being, and understanding this behaviour is therefore the key to good management. Covering all aspects of animal behaviour and how this relates to welfare for companion animals, farm animals and farmed fish, this book reviews development, socialisation, locomotion, reproduction and more. It takes a comprehensive approach to the subject, including a section of chapters addressing common abnormal behaviours and reviewing some animals, such as rabbits, from both a pet and farm perspective".
"The welfare of animals continues to increase in recognition and concern throughout the world, with more and more research in the field offering new insights into the optimal conditions and treatment for the animals we live and work with. Providing a broad introduction to the key topics in the welfare of animals large and small, farm and companion, wild and zoo, this fully updated textbook covers ethics, animal pain and injury, health and disease and social conditions, welfare issues and problems, their assessment, and solutions. With contributions from renowned international experts Animal Welfare, 2nd Edition is an essential resource for students and researchers in animal and veterinary sciences".
"Sentience the ability to feel, perceive and experience is central to the animal welfare debate as it raises the question of whether animals experience suffering in life and death. This book explores and answers these questions in an objective way, based on the latest research and empirical evidence. Beginning with an introduction to sentience, the book investigates why we are so interested in sentience, when, as a species, humans became sentient and how it has changed over time. The book defines aspects of sentience such as consciousness, memory and emotions, and discusses brain complexity in detail. Looking at sentience from a developmental perspective, it analyses when in an individual s growth sentience can be said to appear and uses evidence from a range of studies investigating embryos, foetuses and young animals to form an enlightening overview of the subject".
"The past few decades have seen a virtual explosion of scientific research in the area of cognition, emotions, suffering, and mental states in animals. Studies in the field, laboratory, and clinical medical practice have amassed an overwhelming body of evidence demonstrating that mental well–being is of paramount importance in all aspects of animal care. There is no longer any reasonable doubt among researchers that mental health is of equal importance as physical health and animal well–being. Recent research convincingly shows that physical health is strongly influenced by mental states, thereby making it clear that effective health care requires attention to the emotional well–being as well as physical".
"In order to understand and manage animals in their natural or captive environments we must first understand why animals do what they do and recognize limitations in their ability to adapt to different environments.
Drawing on the author s considerable experience in both teaching and research, this introductory-level textbook describes the basic principles underlying animal behavior and how those concepts can be used in managing the care of domestic and captive wild animals, covering four key themes: development of behavior, biological rhythms, social behavior and behavioral aspects of animal management".
"Welfare research has established a range of scientific indicators of stress, welfare and suffering in animals that can be applied to all aspects of improving their welfare through good housing and management, and the topic continues to grow in importance among both professionals and the public.
The practical focus of this authoritative, comprehensive encyclopedia aims to promote the understanding and improvement of animals’ behaviour without compromising welfare".
"Restraint and Handling of Wild and Domestic Animals, Third Edition offers an introduction to the basic principles of animal restraint and an overview of techniques for vertebrate wild and domestic animals.
Fully updated throughout, the third edition also includes new chapters on understanding behavior, training for restraint and handling, and animal welfare and restraint. Now in full color, the third edition of this classic reference is an invaluable tool to recognizing potential danger in restraint and reducing stress in the animal".
"The study of animal cognition raises profound questions about the minds of animals and philosophy of mind itself. Aristotle argued that humans are the only animal to laugh, but in recent experiments rats have also been shown to laugh. In other experiments, dogs have been shown to respond appropriately to over two hundred words in human language.
In this introduction to the philosophy of animal minds Kristin Andrews introduces and assesses the essential topics, problems and debates as they cut across animal cognition and philosophy of mind".
"Drawing on interviews with leading animal trainers, Carrots and Sticks offers 50 case studies that explore the step-by-step training of a wide variety of companion, working and exotic animals; reviews the preparation of animals prior to training and common pitfalls encountered. The book brings behavioural science to life, explaining animal training techniques in the language of learning theory. Opening sections on instinct, rewards, punishers and intelligence are richly infused with examples from current training practice and establish the principles that are explored in the unique case studies. Its accessible style will help reassess your preconceptions and simplify your approach to all animal-training challenges".
"Although this book, which is over 570 pages long, talks about the training of a wide variety of animals, the way in which Ken approaches each situation and the application of learning theory is just as applicable for your dog. Animal training book by Ken Ramirez is packed with useful information for training different species of animals! Produced for professional animal trainer and animal behaviour/husbandry students, this book focuses on sound operant conditioning training principals. Organised around critical skills essential to successful animal training, this experience-based book is a valuable resource for all animal training practitioners".
"Karen Pryor's clear and entertaining explanation of behavioral training methods made Don't Shoot the Dog! a bestselling classic. Now this revised edition presents more of her insights into animal and human behavior...
Here are the secrets of changing behavior in pets, kids- even yourself-without yelling, threats, force, punishment, guilt trips...or shooting the dog...
Learn why pet owners rave, "This book changed our lives!" and how these pioneering techniques can work for you too".
"Explains the principles of learning and modification of behavior. The first little book that all animal trainers should read.
It teaches you the science behind efficient animal training. After reading it, you will know what to expect when training your animal—no need to guess".
"This new book is suitable for the whole veterinary team, for whom animals presenting with behavioural problems can be a daily recurring problem. It offers practical advice on the best approach to control and treat the animal, as well as giving guidance to the veterinary nurse on how to advise owners on various aspects of pet behaviour problems...
Aimed specifically at the practice situation, the strength of this book lies in its clear, straightforward approach. The focus is on non-invasive measures, such as behavioural counselling and retraining, rather than the use of drugs or more controversial techniques".
"Environmental enrichment is a simple and effective means of improving animal welfare in any species companion, farm, laboratory and zoo. For many years, it has been a popular area of research, and has attracted the attention and concerns of animal keepers and carers, animal industry professionals, academics, students and pet owners all over the world.
This book is the first to integrate scientific knowledge and principles to show how environmental enrichment can be used on different types of animal. Filling a major gap, it considers the history of animal keeping, legal issues and ethics, right through to a detailed exploration of whether environmental enrichment actually works, the methods involved, and how to design and manage programmes".
Domestication & Genetics
"Before the agricultural revolution, there were perhaps 10 million humans on earth. Now there are more than 7 billion of us. Our domesticated species have also thrived, in stark contrast to their wild ancestors. In a human-constructed environment―or man-made world―it pays to be domesticated.
Domestication is an evolutionary process first and foremost. What most distinguishes domesticated animals from their wild ancestors are genetic alterations resulting in tameness, the capacity to tolerate close human proximity. But selection for tameness often results in a host of seemingly unrelated by-products, including floppy ears, skeletal alterations, reduced aggression, increased sociality, and reduced brain size. It's a package deal known as the domestication syndrome".
"Behavior is shaped by both genetics and experience - nature and nurture. This book synthesizes research from behavioral genetics and animal and veterinary science, bridging the gap between these fields...
Genetic factors play a significant role in both species-specific behaviors and behavioral differences exhibited by individuals in the same species. Leading authorities explore the impact of increased intensities of selection on domestic animal behavior. Rodents, cattle, pigs, sheep, horses, herding and guard dogs, and poultry are all included in these discussions of genetics and behavior, making this book useful to veterinarians, livestock producers, laboratory animal researchers and technicians, animal trainers and breeders, and any researcher interested in animal behavior".
"This beautifully produced and illustrated book should prove an indispensable reference work for the breeders and fanciers of fur animals. The coat colour genetics of fur bearers is explained in an introductory chapter, and there are separate chapters describing the many colour types in foxes, arctic foxes, interspecific fox hybrids, raccoon dogs, mink, polecats, pine and stone martens, nutria, sables and chinchillas, with information on their mode of inheritance. Notes are also given on body weights and measurements and behaviour. A useful glossary of biological terms is provided, in addition to a list of Scandinavian marketing names. There is an index of all the species, mutants and combination types described in the book, as well as a 6-page bibliography of relevant literature."
"Domestication has often seemed a matter of the distant past, a series of distinct events involving humans and other species that took place long ago. Today, as genetic manipulation continues to break new barriers in scientific and medical research, we appear to be entering an age of biological control. Are we also writing a new chapter in the history of domestication?
...From the pet food industry and its critics to salmon farming in Tasmania, the protection of endangered species in Vietnam and the pigeon fanciers who influenced Darwin, Where the Wild Things Are Now provides an urgently needed re-examination of the concept of domestication against the shifting background of relationships among humans, animals and plants".
"Wildlife care and rehabilitation is often on a one–to–one basis and involves a lot of time, care and skill... A lot has changed over the past twenty years and now caring for wildlife casualties is part of everyday life in many veterinary practices.
Following on from the major success of the first edition, this second edition provides even more useful information on wildlife care and rehabilitation. As well as covering a whole range of species, with sections on birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians,this edition now includes information on many ′alien′ species appearing in the British countryside such as wallabies, wild boar and exotic reptiles".
"With coverage of current issues and emerging trends, Fowler's Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, Volume 7 provides a comprehensive, all-new reference for the management of zoo and wildlife diseases. A Current Therapy format emphasizes the latest advances in the field, including nutrition, diagnosis, and treatment protocols.
Cutting-edge coverage includes topics such as the "One Medicine" concept, laparoscopic surgery in elephants and rhinoceros, amphibian viral diseases, and advanced water quality evaluation for zoos".
"Written by an international, interdisciplinary team... Zoonoses: Infectious Diseases Transmissible from Animals to Humans covers zoonotic pathogens as agents of emergence and reemergence of zoonotic diseases, opportunistic zoonotic infections, risks of iatrogenic transmission and xenotransplantation, imported zoonotic infections, food-borne zoonoses, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, and of warfare. Zoonoses is a valuable physician's reference that covers all aspects of epidemiology, diagnosis and differential diagnosis as well as therapy and prophylaxis of zoonotic diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi."
"Caroline Ingraham, is the longest practicing Applied Zoopharmacognosy practitioner and is in an ideal position to write this valuable book. Not only does she draw from her thirty years experience, she brings us research in her field to back up her work...
Caroline deals with conditions that are very difficult to treat satisfactorily and fully using conventional medicine. Used carefully, in consultation with an Applied Zoopharmacognosy practitioner and veterinary surgeon, this book could help countless animals".
Zoo Animal Management
"The keeping of zoo animals is a central tool in the conservation of some of the world's most fascinating, yet threatened, species...
Zoo Animals: Behaviour, Management and Welfare addresses the key questions surrounding the keeping of exotic animals in captivity, and reveals how we can apply our ever-growing understanding of animal behaviour and use an evidence based approach to ensure zoo animals are managed as effectively as possible".
"This book is intended as an introductory text for students studying a wide range of courses concerned with animal management, zoo biology and wildlife conservation, and should also be useful to zookeepers and other zoo professionals. It is divided into three parts.
"Wild Mammals in Captivity presents the most current thinking and practice in the care and management of wild mammals in zoos and other institutions.
In one comprehensive volume, the editors have gathered the most current information from studies of animal behavior; advances in captive breeding; research in physiology, genetics, and nutrition; and new thinking in animal management and welfare".
"Studying Captive Animals outlines the methods that may be used to study the behaviour, welfare and ecology of animals living under the control of humans, including companion animals, feral populations, and those living on farms and in zoos. This book is a step–by–step guide to the whole process of conducting a scientific study: from designing the original project, formulating testable hypotheses, and collecting and analysing the data, to drawing conclusions from the work and writing it up as a scientific report or paper. It also illustrates how to write a formal research proposal – a crucial and often difficult element of the student project – and how to deal with the ethical review process".
"Studying Captive Animals outlines the methods that may be used to study the behaviour, welfare and ecology of animals living under the control of humans, including companion animals, feral populations, and those living on farms and in zoos.
This book is a step–by–step guide to the whole process of conducting a scientific study: from designing the original project, formulating testable hypotheses, and collecting and analysing the data, to drawing conclusions from the work and writing it up as a scientific report or paper. It also illustrates how to write a formal research proposal – a crucial and often difficult element of the student project – and how to deal with the ethical review process".
"Three horrid farmers - Boggis, Bunce and Bean - hate cunning Mr Fox, who outwits them at every turn. But poor Mr Fox and his friends don't realise how determined the farmers are to get them...
Roald Dahl lived with his family in Great Missenden, a village in Buckinghamshire, UK. Their house was surrounded by fields and woods. As a passionate lover of the countryside, there was one particular tree - known locally as "the witches tree" - that sat on the lane near the Dahl home and came to inspire one of Roald's own favourite stories: Fantastic Mr Fox."
"Both heart-wrenching and heart-warming, The Animals of Farthing Wood is a classic animal story of adventure and the fight for survival.
Farthing Wood is being bulldozed and a drought means the animals no longer have anywhere to live or drink. Fox, Badger, Toad, Tawny Owl, Mole and the other animals band together and leave their ancestral home and set off to move to a far-away nature reserve. Their journey is full of adventure and fraught with disasters: a fire, a storm, a treacherous river crossing and a hunt. The animals must unite in adversity and in doing so they learn about each other’s habits and limitations...
The Animals of Farthing Wood is one of the most popular animal stories in children’s literature and is still in print nearly 35 years after first publication".
"The Little Prince is a classic tale of equal appeal to children and adults.
On one level it is the story of an airman's discovery, in the desert, of a small boy from another planet - the Little Prince of the title - and his stories of intergalactic travel, while on the other hand it is a thought-provoking allegory of the human condition.
First published in 1943, the year before the author's death in action, this translation contains Saint-Exupery's delightful illustrations".
"Pax and Peter have been inseparable ever since Peter rescued him as a kit. But one day, the unimaginable happens: Peter's dad enlists in the military and makes him return the fox to the wild.
At his grandfather's house, three hundred miles away from home, Peter knows he isn't where he should be—with Pax. He strikes out on his own despite the encroaching war, spurred by love, loyalty, and grief, to be reunited with his fox.
Meanwhile Pax, steadfastly waiting for his boy, embarks on adventures and discoveries of his own".
"Maggie is a magnificent red fox who has a den somewhere in East London. When our intrepid fox first visits the garden at the back of a terraced house she decides to venture further, winding up inside the house. In the living room, she comes upon the Black Cat and the Tabby Cat, the two feline residents, who give her a rather unwelcome reception. Undaunted, Maggie keeps returning to the garden and the house and each time she has to contend with the two cats. The Black Cat is always ready to chase after her, but the Tabby Cat quite likes the idea of having the fox around, although he can’t bring himself to admit as much to his feline chum. Things begin to change when Maggie suggests that they all share the garden, and after a bout of sickness turns the Black Cat and the Tabby Cat into her unlikely helpers".
"Dr. Seuss's Fox in Socks has been troubling tongues—and garnering giggles—since 1965. Written specifically to be read aloud, it features a tricky fox in socks and the progressively more difficult tongue-twisting games he plays on his exasperated friend Mr. Knox.
Now available for the first time in an abridged, sturdy, board book edition, this beloved classic will have babies of all ages laughing with—and at—their parents as they struggle, like Knox, to blab such blibber blubber as muddle puddle tweetle poodle beetle noodle bottle paddle battle!"